Pompeii is a place rich in history and culture that is certainly worth a visit.
If you only have one day to visit the ancient city of Pompeii departing from Rome or from Naples, this guide may be useful.
Once in Naples, you can enjoy a panoramic view of the city and its gulf. Subsequently, on the journey from Naples and Pompeii, we pass through the famous towns of Herculaneum, Torre del Greco and Torre Annunziata. Once in Pompeii, after having tasted typical products of the Campania cuisine in a local restaurant, you begin a wonderful walk inside the archaeological area of the ancient city, accompanied by one of our local guides.
The history of Pompeii
Pompeii is a very ancient city located in Campania. Its history is known worldwide and attracts a large number of tourists every day.
The city was founded in the 7th century B.C. by the Samnites, an Italic people, but was conquered by the Romans in 80 B.C. During the Roman period, Pompeii became a rich and prosperous city, with a population of about 20,000 inhabitants.
On August 24, 79, Vesuvius, an active volcano near Pompeii, erupted violently, covering the city with ashes and lapilli. A real catastrophe that also struck the surrounding areas of Herculaneum, Stabia and Oplonti.
The city of Pompeii remained buried under a blanket of ash and volcanic debris for about 1,700 years, until its discovery in the 18th century. Thanks to the particular conditions of the land it was possible to preserve the ancient city and offer a unique opportunity to study the daily life of ancient Pompeii.
What to see in Pompeii in one day?
Here are some tips on what to see in Pompeii in a day.
Ancient city of Pompeii
Start your visit by exploring the ancient city of Pompeii. Ancient Pompeii was born around the seventh century on the slopes of Vesuvius. There are many attractions to see, including: the famous Amphitheater built between 80 and 70 AD, the Theatre, the Temple of Jupiter, the House of the Faun and the Forum, the nerve center of life in the city.
You can also walk along the Via dell'Abbondanza, the main street of the ancient city, to admire the remains of shops, houses and public baths.
Houses of the ancient Romans
Pompeii is famous for the well-preserved ancient Roman houses. Be sure to visit the House of the Tragic Poet, the House of Octavius Quartio, the House of the Vettii and the House of Faun.
The Stabiane Spa is one of the largest and best preserved spa complexes in Pompeii. Built in the third century BC according to the Roman canons of classical thermal architecture. You can admire a series of rooms with various functions: Apodyterium, Frigidarium, Tedidarium, Calidarium.
Villa dei Misteri
The Villa dei Misteri is one of the most important villas of Pompeii and is located a short walk from the ancient city. The villa takes its name from the frescoes in the Triclinium room, which depict the mysteries of Dionysus.
The Sanctuary of Pompeii
The Shrine of Pompeii is a Catholic church dedicated to Our Lady of Pompeii. It is located near the main entrance of the ancient city and is worth a visit to admire the frescoes and sacred works of art.