On January 6th in Italy, we have a traditional, our Christmas holidays is closed with the Epiphany.
the Italian children sings an old adage this nursery rhyme: “la Befana vien di notte con le scarpe tutte rotte”(“The Befana comes by night with her broken shoes”). Befana is a simbol for Epiphany she is loved as much as Father Christmas (Santa Claus), but unlike the elderly bearded gentleman, she is much less famous, particularly outside Italy. The befana looks like a witch but is good, she travels on a broom and, in the night between 5th and 6th January, she is on the go to bring gifts, sweets in particular, to good children. For those less good, however, she only brings coal. If you spend this week in Rome you will take a part to many events of 6 January. “Events scheduled to spend the Epiphany in Rome with a rich schedule dedicated especially to children. But on 6 January in Rome it will really be for everyone: families, adults and children. “

 

PIAZZA NAVONA – CHRISTMAS MARKET
After five years come back at Piazza Navona the Christmas Markets for Epiphany. The Befan and stands waiting for your at historical location between squareì’s fountains. The Befane in the flesh and stands  with candies and sweets are waiting for you, at historical location between fountains of square also with the romantic atmosphere offered by carousel horses.

 

TERMINI STATION – MERCATO CENTRALE
At Via Giolitti near the Roma Termini and very close to metro station there is Mercato Centrale, a food markets in Rome where during this period Epiphany was opening a temporary store in which to find loose socks, packaged and ready with lots of sweets including pralines, chocolate bars, nougats and much more. For the little ones, the Market will offer mountains of sweets.

 

ARICCIA  POLENTA DELLA BEFANA – MERCATO CONTADINO
Over 30 farms celebrate Epiphany in the roman castles area await many fans of good food. On this sunday, January 7th, 2018 at the Farmers Market in Ariccia – by to the farm Umberto Di Pietro di Capena – The Polenta Tour continues to great demand, after the great success of last December 8 in Rome Capannelle. You will taste a homemade” polenta “in the true sense of the word, it will be made to the market with all the ingredients frome producers at the Farmer’s Market.

 

CASTELLO DI SANTA SEVERA – ONCE UPON A TIME AND FIREWORKS
Among the events you not to be missed the Epiphany at the Castle of Santa Severa. Guided tour for children and   parents with a wizard who will involve them in experiments and medieval magic to create magical potions, “fireworks“, dragons, towers and fantastic clay characters for children. Once upon a time a ludic-educational workshop for children aged 6 to 10 years. After the presentation of the Castle with the reading of rhyming rhymes, the little ones will meet a mysterious Wizard who will involve them in experiments and spells “.

 

ROME – ART EXIBITIONS
For art lovers, on January 6th, all the main exhibitions in progress will be open in Rome. From the Monet’s exibitions, father of Impressionism, to the one that celebrates the works of Picasso, passing through the” bizarre “of Arcimboldo and the master Hokusai”. For the younger ones at Guido Reni District space to the plastinated bodies of Real Bodies, to the spacecraft of Cosmos Discovery and to Dinosaur Invasion dinosaurs with the children called to engage in geological eras and the laboratories of Scientopolis.

 

 

The Epiphany feast in Italy and its celebrations on January 6th in many regions that is spread to the rest of the peninsula. Epiphany is linked, in fact, to the adoration of the Magi who came to Bethlehem 12 days after Christ’s birth. The Latin and Greek churches have always celebrated it on January 6. The Greeks call it Theophania, the Feast of all feasts. For the French it is La Fête des Rois. But also its was pre-Christian and pagan rituals feast. For this reason it is a complex holiday that blends with the character of the places in which it is celebrated. This religious feast brings a perfect fulfillment of all the purposes of Advent. Epiphany, therefore, marks the liturgical zenith of the Advent-Christmas season. Three mysteries are encompassed in this solemnity: the adoration of the Christ Child by the Magi, the Baptism of Christ and the wedding feast at Cana from the Gospel.

The various celebrations in Italy: some traditions, the Befana is the female allegory of the old year ready to sacrifice itself. In some regions, a rag doll is burned in the square after a tour of the city streets on a wagon. In other cases, the puppet is shown at a window, as happens in Florence or Rome.

In the north this is very much alive. The symbolic bonfire is called “panevin“: this is a bonfire that tends to erase the negative aspects of the year which has just ended and seeks the auspices for the one that has just started The same happens in Friuli Venezia Giulia, accompanied by a glass of mulled wine.

In Florence the Epiphany celebrations every year it’s connected from the tradition of the Magi, the re-enactment of the Magi at the Holy Family. The flag wavers’ exhibition in Piazza della Signoria should not be missed.

In Faenza, in the province of Ravenna, this celebrations is called the Nott de Bisò on January 5th with the “Niballo“, a huge puppet which symbolizes all the misfortunes of the past year which is then burned. The bisò is mulled wine made from Sangiovese and spices.

In Montescaglioso, in the area of ​​Matera, January 5th is the time of celebrations the “Notte dei Cucibocca”: figures dressed in black, with a big hat and a bushy white beards their foot and knocking on doors to ask for food offerings.
This tradition is linked to the Epiphany.

In Sicily, in Gratteri, in the province of Palermo “A Old” (“Il vecchio“) emerges from the Cave of Grattara, wrapped in a white sheet and on the back of a city where she distributes gifts to children.

It is thus a magical feast, full of deep symbolic values ​​during which, in some locations its celebrations it is believed that even animals can talk and finally say what they think to humans. Epiphany therefore closes the Christmas holiday season (“L’ Epifania tutte le feste portavia“) and marks the beginning of Carnival celebrations.